تحقيقات ومقابلاتموضوعات رئيسية

كتاب “الدوائر السبع..” (6 من 17).. موسى جيبي: سجن الصحراء وركوب الإبل

……………………………أرسلتُ للصحراء.. أو بتعبير آخر إلى سجن المدى، إلى أرض من الصخور والرمال الجرداء القاحلة، وأنا ابن الضفة والماء والأرض الخضراء.

وجدتُ ضمن الفريق المُعيَّن لموريتانيا رفيق طفولتي ” آلاسان علي سِي”، كان الفرنسيون يطلقون علينا نحن مزارعي الضفة ” التُّكُولورْ” في حين يطلقون على ” البيل peuls”   “الفولبي” سواء من ” فوتا تُورُو” أو فوتا جالون” من موريتانيا أو من غينيا.. علمتُ في داكار أنِّي من ” التُّكُولُورْ”!   سمونا ” التُّكُولُورْ”!

لم يكن البيض يقدِّرون عِرْقيَّتنا، سبق أن قلتها لكِ وسأكرِّرها عليكِ.

بالنسبة لنا العرق هو اللغة، وكل ناطق “بالبولارية” هو بالانتماء من عرق “الهالبولارن”.

نَقلونا عند الفجر الى “روصو”، بِـ “اترارزة” ومنها الى الحرب.. أعداء فرنسا في كل مكان، وكانت تصلنا أنباء عن اشتباكات في الصَّحراء وبموت بعض “الرماة السود”.

حُشرنا كالأمتعة في شاحنات عسكرية.. سافرنا طويلا على أرض منبسطة عبر مدى لا ينتهي، كان معنا مجموعة من “السَّراغولي” من مالي ومن موريتانيا، و”وولوف” من موريتانيا ومن السنغال، و “بامبارا” من مالي، و”موشي” من بوركينافاسو.. توقَّفْنا لأسبوع في “اكجوجت”، حيث الحامية العسكرية مع وجود بضع منازل وبعض الخِيَّم.

في “أكجوجت” تلقيا على مدى أسبوع تدريبات شاقة لننتقل منها إلى “أطار”..

بهرني اتساع البادية، “أطار” مدينة صغيرة جدًّا شديدة الحرارة والبرودة، عانينا من الرياح المُحمَّلة بالحصى.. أي بلد هذا؟   لا نهر ولا حقول، وخصوصًا: لا بقر!

في “أطار” تَعلَّمنا ركوب الإبل، والرماية، وتفكيك واستخدام مختلف الأسلحة، من الرشاش الى الهاون.

ذات مساء سُمح لنا بالخروج، تجوَّلنا في المدينة وابْتعنا بعض التُّمور والفول السوداني، وهناك اكتشفنا أنه تماما مثل داكار توجد هنا أيضا أماكن مخجلة! فحيثما حل الفرنسيون يُسخِّرون بعض النساء.. وحتى بعض الرِّجال للفجور.

وقتها لم تكن مدينة “أطار” ذات قيمة، فعلاوة على الجيش لا يوجد إلا “البيظان” وبعض عبيدهم السُّود. وكانوا يهابوننا ولا يختلطون بنا… تم تقسيمنا بين الحامية ووحدات البادية.

أثناء التدريب على الاشتباك مع العدو، كنا نحاكي أحيانا بعض المعارك الوهمية، فنتعرض لهجوم مباغت من بعض وحداتنا الأخرى التي تمثل دور العدو، وكانت المفاجئة الكبرى أن من ضمن “العدو الوهمي” الذي “هاجمنا” يومها شقيقي الأكبر “آمادو” الذي فقدنا كل أثر له منذ سنين…صُعقت من هول الصَّدمة.. تعبثُ بنا الأقدار، وتفرقنا في الضفة، ليلتئم شملنا في فيافي “آدرار”… أسرتنا لا تعرف شيئا عن مصيره، ما إذا كان حيا؟ ما إذا كان سيعود يوما ما؟

ترقَّى “آمادو” ليصبح مسؤولا عن الراديو، حكيتُ له بحرقة عن كل شيء.. عن سيئات المستعمر، وعن حطِّهم من قدْرنا لمرتبة العبيد.. العبيد؟ العبيد في مجتمعنا لديهم حقوق، أما عبيد “البيض” فلا حقوق لهم.

عند ما يعتقلنا المستعمر سواء ليسخِّرنا لخدمته، أو ليفرض علينا إنجاز أعماله مجانا، أو للخدمة العسكرية، يتساوى الرجال، النبيل والعبد!  يلقون علينا الأوامر بِصيَّغٍ مُهينة، وعلينا تنفيذها، ولا نتلقى أي تعويض…كان الأمر مُخزيا.. حتى عبيدنا المجندين معنا كانوا مصدومين من معاملتهم لنبلاء أمثالنا، نحن نبلاء، ولم تهيئنا تربيتنا الاجتماعية للتعامل مع مواقف مثل هذه.

حاول شقيقي تهدئتي، خصوصا أنه يعرف أني صعب التَّرويض ومتمرِّد بطبعي، طلب مني تَمثُّل قيم “هلايبه” الماجدة في الانضباط والصبر، ثم قال: لا قِبَلَ لنا بالمستعمر، ومادام لا يطالبنا بالتنازل عن ديننا الباقي يهون..

ما صدمي حقا وبشدة أن شقيقي النبيل يعمل كذلك طبَّاخا للفرنسيين ويعتبر ذلك امتيازا! طباخ!

…………………

يتواصل بإذن الله تعالى

…………………

ملخص من كتاب ” Les sept cercles, Une odyssée noire “، ” الدوائر السبع، ملحمة سوداء”، رؤية أحد ” الرماة السود” من مجتمع ” الهالبولار” الموريتاني لواقع استعمار موريتانيا، صدر سنة (2015م)، بالتعاون مع خبيرة الأنثروبولوجيا ” Sophie Caratini “، نشرته مطابع ” Thierry Marchaisse “، بفرنسا.

الوسوم
العودة إلى الصفحة الرئيسية

اقرأ أيضا في هذا القسم

333 رأي على “كتاب “الدوائر السبع..” (6 من 17).. موسى جيبي: سجن الصحراء وركوب الإبل”

  1. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if
    you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet
    my newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping
    maybe you would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I
    look forward to your new updates.

  2. Hmm it looks like your site ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I
    guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and say,
    I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I as well am an aspiring
    blog blogger but I’m still new to everything. Do you have any tips and hints for inexperienced blog writers?
    I’d definitely appreciate it.

  3. Undeniably consider that which you stated.
    Your favourite reason appeared to be at the internet the easiest thing
    to consider of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed at the same time as other folks consider worries that they just don’t recognize about.
    You controlled to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the entire thing with no need
    side effect , other folks could take a signal. Will probably be again to get more.
    Thanks

  4. Good day I am so thrilled I found your site, I really found
    you by accident, while I was browsing on Digg for something else, Regardless I am here now and would just like to say
    kudos for a tremendous post and a all round interesting
    blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through it all at the moment but I have
    book-marked it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to
    read a lot more, Please do keep up the fantastic work.

  5. borrow money with interest i need a loan with bad credit need loan a financial need. check n go loans personal title loans online near me, where can i get a loan online in nigeria.
    loans and interest calculator where to get loan online in nigeria, looking for financial help, where can i get instant loan online in nigeria. to get a loan online interest calculator for borrowing money, get a loan online with bad credit do i need financial advice.
    i need emergency financial assistance what is the interest rate that the fed charges banks to borrow money from them called, can i get a title loan online uba online quick loan.

  6. combination of lopinavir and ritonavir, what does antiviral medication do for shingles. over the counter antiviral meds for cold sores, what yeast infection treatment is the most effective Lopinavir ritonavir Kaletra for coronavirus what are antiviral medications used for, what is antiviral drug resistance. antiviral treatment for hiv, antiviral pills for cold sores. how effective is antiviral medication for cold sores, is there an antiviral medication for the flu. what is antiviral medication for cold sores, whats an antiviral drug.

  7. tadalafil for sle tadalafil for salke Gentlemen may use it
    meant for… Nonetheless in the Middle Eras it was mentioned he made
    a guy. Anorgasm is the inability tto obtain orgasm as
    well ass disorder during intercourse. Three days and nights before the
    following menstruation, women become irritable, begin to groww water within the body, feel
    slowly, have bloated breasts and sometimes have head pain.

  8. warts on hands treatment at home, treatment for warts on palms of hands. treat warts on hands, wart treatment with duct tape best warts remover warts treatment singapore, treatment genital warts in pregnancy. warthin’s tumor non surgical treatment wart remover safe for dogs, warts removal accredited by valucare.
    wart remover for acne, genital warts treatment hong kong wart treatment kuala lumpur. how to get rid of warts on children’s hands warts treatment boots, wart remover knife warts removal finger. treatment of warts on face in homeopathic, warts removal unlimited. warts removal equipment, how to get rid of warts on feet with apple cider vinegar is wart remover safe. warts removal healing time wart treatment in ayurveda, warts removal in philippines treating genital warts with cryotherapy. treating wart on child’s finger, wart on face contagiouswart treatment natural remedies.

  9. HIV medications that was being tested what do antiviral medications do cura coronavirus the number of known people infected. which yeast infection treatment is safe during pregnancy penicillin is a antiviral drug, which yeast infection treatment. antiviral medications for coronavirus the antiviral drug acyclovir.
    Tamiflu and coronavirus Does Tamiflu work on coronavirus antiviral drugs for cats with herpes the antiviral drug development. dosage of antiviral meds for shingles antiviral prescription for cold sores, over the counter antiviral meds for herpes antiviral medicine for shingles side effects.

  10. buy cheap viagra buy viagra Ways to increease libido?
    We have a number of hints. Persistent smoking also interferes with the secretion of all hormones, spikes cortisol levels, increasees insulin resistance, triggers dyslipidemia and liver changes, which
    in turn impair thhe utilization of hormonal chemical compounds.
    It’s great to know the fact that men with heart disease will be
    twice aas prone to have male impotence.

  11. Espionner un portable – Le comparateur de logiciels Logiciel espion de portable youtube k maro femme like u youtube yoga ho ngoc ha how to transcendental meditation youtube.
    youtube film femme d’honneur youtube e spingule francese youtube musique pour dormir, chaine youtube zumba.
    Forum Cosmo Logiciel espeon pc gratuit francais langue, Logiciel espeon pc portable samsung Iphone 5 espeon pictures.
    Logiciel espion pour Android 2017-2018 Nouvelles technologies, Poste autoradio Pioneer Alpine DVD – MediaCarCenter.
    Les bienfaits du venin d’abeilles …mГЄme aux maladies Micro Г  distance – Logiciel espion pour espionner un tГ©lГ©phone cellulaire.

  12. antiviral medication for flu nz Tamiflu and coronavirus cheap kaletra antiviral medications for cold sores.
    mers cov incubation period antiviral drugs for flu safe during pregnancy saying that an HIV wonder drug.
    antiviral medications for coronavirus does antiviral affect birth control, read about transmission, incubation period, and treatment.
    antiviral medicine in india antiviral medicine for cats, antiviral drugs otc what is a logical antiviral drug target in retroviruses.

  13. what are antiviral drugs for the flu, antiviral medication for flu in pregnancy antiviral medications. is coronavirus curable in humans cost of doctor on demand app cura coronavirus saying that an HIV wonder drug.
    which yeast infection treatment is safe during pregnancy, new medicine for the flu. putting cities on shutdown mode does antiviral medicine affect birth control, do antiviral meds help shingles. cure virus combination kaletra online so too has the desire for news about the virus, do yeast infection treatments burn. over the counter antiviral medications for cold sores. best antiviral medication for flu, antiviral medication for flu side effects. which yeast infection treatment is safe during pregnancy antiviral medications for hiv.

  14. First of all I want to say excellent blog! I had a quick question in which I’d like to ask if you
    don’t mind. I was interested to find out how you center yourself and clear your mind prior to writing.
    I’ve had a hard time clearing my mind in getting my ideas out.
    I truly do take pleasure in writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes tend to be wasted just
    trying to figure out how to begin. Any recommendations or hints?
    Thank you!

  15. تنبيه: cbd book distributors
  16. تنبيه: cbd heroin addiction
  17. Hello there I am so glad I found your blog, I really found you
    by error, while I was browsing on Aol for something else, Nonetheless I am
    here now and would just like to say many thanks for a remarkable post and
    a all round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design),
    I don’t have time to look over it all at
    the minute but I have book-marked it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will
    be back to read more, Please do keep up the excellent jo.

  18. fastest way to get a loan online i need loan now need a loan cash advance reviews. uba online quick loan i need financial freedom, check n go loans online. where can i get a loan online in nigeria get loan online fast, check n go loans online, loans online same day. online payday loans e transfer interest rate calculator on home loan, loan online fast philippines calculate interest rate on loan. what is the interest rate that the fed charges banks to borrow money from them called a-1 cash advance reviews, to get a loan online online loans near me.

  19. can i get a loan online with bad credit i need loan now need a loan need a financial statement. payday cash advance app get a small loan online fast, loans online same day. why you need financial advice need financial help moving, where can i borrow money with low interest rate, why need financial advisor. i need emergency financial assistance i need financial advisor, why i need financial assistance get a payday loan online now. get loan online fast where to borrow a loan, borrowing money from friends interest rate u bank loan online apply.

  20. online loans same day i need a loan with bad credit need a loan interest rate calculator on loan. need financial help with bad credit can u get a loan online, a financial need. get a loan with bad credit online i need financial help please, la payday loan online, payday cash advance app. i need emergency financial assistance calculate interest rate on loan, interest rate calculator for business loan loans online cash advance app reviews. interest rate calculator on a loan why you need financial assistance to pay for your studies, loans online near me borrowing money best rates.

  21. What i don’t realize is in truth how you’re no longer actually a
    lot more well-favored than you may be right now.
    You are so intelligent. You know therefore considerably in relation to this topic,
    produced me individually imagine it from so many various angles.
    Its like men and women are not involved except it is one thing to do with Girl gaga!

    Your personal stuffs great. Always deal with it up!

  22. تنبيه: cialis in walmart
  23. warts removal ksa genital warts treatment usmle. warts on foot home remedy wart on face for years wart removal products genital warts treatment drugs, warts on face home remedy. wart remover walgreens home remedies to get rid of warts on hands, warts removal on hand. wart remover freeze, best treatment for warts on face treating genital warts with silver nitrate. how to remove warts on feet naturally dr scholl’s wart remover safe during pregnancy, dr scholl’s wart remover safe during pregnancy how to get rid of warts on feet naturally. wart remover gel pen, wart removal los angeles. treatment for wart on foot, warts removal guardian treating genital warts nhs. wart on face bleeding wart remover chemical, warts on the face removing wart root. how to treat warts on hands naturally, wart on dog’s face bleeding.

  24. warts on face salicylic acid treatment facial warts uk. genital warts treatment valtrex treating a wart on finger wart removal products warts removal garlic, treatment of wart on finger. treatment of genital warts should be guided by treatment for wart on foot, warts treatment tea tree oil. warts removal in dubai, treating warts on feet with duct tape warts removal tool. wart removal xanthelasma wart treatment cantharidin, how to treat a wart on foot naturally bioessence warts removal review. treatment facial warts, wart treatment reviews. treating warts on feet while pregnant, treat warts with essential oils wart treatment video. warts treatment liquid nitrogen best treatment for planters wart on foot, wart lumps face wart removal near me. what is the best treatment for warts on face, treating warts on children’s hands.

  25. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this website.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s tough to get that “perfect balance” between usability and visual appearance.
    I must say you’ve done a very good job with this. In addition, the blog loads extremely
    quick for me on Opera. Outstanding Blog!

  26. hey there and thank you for your info – I have certainly picked up something
    new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical points using this web site,
    as I experienced to reload the website many times previous to I could get
    it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK?
    Not that I’m complaining, but slow loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and could damage
    your high-quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords.

    Well I am adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look
    out for much more of your respective fascinating content.
    Ensure that you update this again very soon.

  27. Unquestionably consider that which you stated. Your favourite reason seemed to be at the web
    the simplest thing to have in mind of. I say to you, I certainly get
    irked whilst other people think about concerns that they just
    don’t understand about. You controlled to hit the nail upon the top
    as well as defined out the entire thing without having side effect
    , folks could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more.
    Thanks

  28. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation however I in finding this topic to be actually something which I believe I would never understand.
    It sort of feels too complex and very vast for me. I am
    having a look ahead for your next put up, I’ll attempt to get the dangle of
    it!

  29. تنبيه: generic cialis
  30. I don’t know if it’s just me or if everyone else experiencing issues with your blog.
    It seems like some of the written text in your content are running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them too?
    This could be a problem with my web browser because I’ve had this happen previously.
    Kudos

  31. Hey there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your article seem to be running off the screen in Ie.

    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with web
    browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know.
    The design look great though! Hope you get the problem resolved soon. Kudos

  32. Hmm it appears like your blog ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I
    had written and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I as well am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still new
    to everything. Do you have any suggestions for newbie blog writers?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  33. no prescription pharmacy pharmacy store Restrictions sign up for the amount of products whose ingredients bind drinking water
    and provide a powerful feeling of foodstuff. Obesity or perhaps
    underweight may also maqke yoou find that sex
    and fertilit disorders. Creatin, or beta-methylguanidinoacetic acid
    solution, is a chemical substance compound of organic origin that plays a huge part inn real human life.
    However , from September it really is worth to additionally product vitamin D over the autumn-winter
    period. Sexologists agree: lack of sleep
    . can lead to a decrease in the male growth hormone levels is actually a
    maqle intmacy hormone aand the decrease could cause sexual dysfunction. Howeve ,
    there are ideal ways to support your body function, including improving
    the quality of intimaate relationships.

  34. hey there and thank you for your information – I’ve certainly picked
    up anything new from right here. I did however expertise several technical issues using
    this site, since I experienced to reload the site a lot of times previous to
    I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK?
    Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will very frequently affect
    your placement in google and can damage your high-quality score if advertising and
    marketing with Adwords. Anyway I am adding this RSS
    to my e-mail and could look out for much more of your respective exciting
    content. Ensure that you update this again soon.

  35. Hey I am so happy I found your website, I really found you by
    accident, while I was browsing on Askjeeve for something else, Anyways I
    am here now and would just like to say cheers for a fantastic
    post and a all round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look
    over it all at the moment but I have saved
    it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I
    will be back to read much more, Please do keep up the awesome jo.

  36. Have you ever thought about adding a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything. However imagine if you added some great graphics or videos to
    give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but
    with pics and video clips, this site could definitely be one of the most beneficial in its field.
    Amazing blog!

  37. Everything wrote made a ton of sense. However, think on this, suppose you were
    to create a killer title? I am not saying your
    information is not solid., however suppose you added a headline that grabbed a person’s attention? I mean كتاب "
    الدوائر السبع.." (6 من 17).. موسى جيبي: سجن الصحراء وركوب الإبل – مورينيوز – وكالة إخبارية
    موريتانية مستقلة is kinda vanilla. You ought to look at Yahoo’s home page and see how
    they create article headlines to grab viewers interested.

    You might add a related video or a picture or two
    to grab people interested about what you’ve got to say.
    In my opinion, it might make your posts a little bit more interesting.

  38. There’s no single correct answer. Your blog has proven useful to me. What is really great about this website is that it delivers really valuable information while also being funny. Being detailed is great, but don’t go overboard with making volumes of unneeded documents at the beginning. This is really awesome!

  39. Undeniably imagine that that you stated. Your favourite
    justification seemed to be at the internet the simplest thing to
    have in mind of. I say to you, I certainly get irked at the same
    time as people consider worries that they just don’t
    recognize about. You managed to hit the nail upon the highest and also defined out the entire thing with no need side-effects ,
    folks can take a signal. Will probably be again to get more.

    Thanks

  40. Знаете ли вы?
    Битву русских дружин и монголо-татар возле леса отмечают сразу в трёх селениях.
    Двое капитанов первого кругосветного плавания были казнены, следующего высадили на необитаемый остров.
    Каждая шестая яркая галактика во Вселенной очень сильно испускает газы.
    «Голова крестьянина» хранилась в доме у немецкой актрисы.
    Биограф русского художника романтизировала историю его французской прародительницы вслед за Герценом.

    arbeca

اترك تعليقاً

لن يتم نشر عنوان بريدك الإلكتروني.

escort maltepe escort pendik escort çekmeköy escort mersin porno izle porno seks hikayeleri mersin escort bayan escort bodrum