تحقيقات ومقابلاتموضوعات رئيسية

يوميات صائم: “الدين” في القرآن.. ليس في القرآن الكريم “أديان”/ محمد رياض العشيري

 “الدين” في القرآن
ليس في القرآن الكريم “أديان”.
لم يستخدم الكتاب المبين صيغة الجمع “أديان”، ولكنه استخدم صيغة المفرد “دين”.
وهذا أمر منطقي، إذ لا يمكن أن يصدر عن نبع واحد ماء متعدد المذاق. وكذلك الفيض الإلهي هو “دين” واحد من إله واحد، لكنه نزل في هيئة شرائع متعددة بحسب البيئة والزمن والقضية المهيمنة التي سعى الوحي إلى إصلاحها أو توجيه أنظار الناس إلى الخطأ فيها.
فالشريعة التي نزلت على موسى عليه السلام من “دين” الله تعالى الواحد ناسبت اليهود وما عرفوا به من نظرة مادية وتنطع في الدين وجرأة على الله وأنبيائه. وكذلك الشريعة التي نزلت في الإنجيل من “دين” الله ناسبت قوم عيسى عليه السلام الذين غلبتهم القسوة والمغالاة. وما جاء به شعيب عليه السلام، أصحاب مدين، خاطب سوأتهم في الغش وعدم الوفاء بالكيل.
ثم جاء القرآن الكريم فواجه قضية الشرك وعدم الإيمان بالبعث بكتاب يمتاز من غيره بلغة راقية محكمة لأنه نزل على قوم عرفوا بالشعر والخطابة.
“الدين” في القرآن إذًا واحد، لكن الشرائع متعددة.
ثلاث صيغ للكلمة
واستخدم القرآن الكريم كلمة “الدين” في ثلاث صيغ:
أولاها: صيغة الإضافة، أي “دين” + اسم آخر (مضاف إليه)
وهذا الاسم المضاف إليه إما لفظ الجلالة، الله تعالى (دين الله) “أفغير دين الله يبغون …” (آل عمران:٨٣)، وإما الحق (دين الحق) “… ولا يدينون دين الحق …” (التوبة:٢٩)، وإما القيِّمة (دين القيِّمة) “… وذلك دين القيمة” (البينة:٥)، أي دين الملة المستقيمة.
وثانيتهما: صيغة النكرة “دين”
ولم يستخدم الكتاب الكريم كلمة “دين” في صيغة النكرة، بلا تعريف أو إضافة، إلا مرة واحدة في سورة الكافرون “… لكم دينكم ولي دين” (٦). وكانت هذه السورة من أوائل السور نزولا، إذ إنها جاءت في المرتبة ١٨ من حيث ترتيب النزول. وكانت دعوة النبي عليه السلام في أول عهدها، وكان يريد أن يؤكد لقومه أنه لا يسعى إلى الصدام معهم، فهم لهم دينهم وهو له دينه. ولذلك استخدمت هنا صيغة النكرة “دين”، إذ لم تكن معالم دعوته قد اتضحت بعد.
وثالثتهما: صيغة التعريف “الدين”
وتستخدم هذه الصيغة، “الدين”، في سياقات لغوية ذات دلالة مهمة في دعوة النبي الكريم عليه السلام. نذكر من ذلك:
· الدين لله: وليس لمعبود آخر أبدا ” … ويكون الدين لله …” (البقرة:١٩٣)، و “… ويكون الدين كله لله …” (الأنفال:٣٩)
· إخلاص الدين لله: وهذا جانب روحاني يحتاج إلى مجاهدة للنفس ومكابدة. “قل إني أمرت أن أعبد الله مخلصا له الدين” (الزمر:١١)، و”فادعوا الله مخلصين له الدين ولو كره الكافرون” (غافر:١٤)
· لا إكراه في الدين: إذ إن الحرية الدينية مكفولة في القرآن الكريم “لا إكراه في الدين قد تبين الرشد من الغي …” (البقرة:٢٥٦)
· التفقه في الدين: وفي هذا حث على السفر من أجل طلب العلم بعامة والتفقه في الدين بخاصة “…فَلَوْلَا نَفَرَ مِن كُلِّ فِرْقَةٍ مِّنْهُمْ طَائِفَةٌ لِّيَتَفَقَّهُوا فِي الدِّينِ وَلِيُنذِرُوا قَوْمَهُمْ إِذَا رَجَعُوا إِلَيْهِمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَحْذَرُونَ” (التوبة:١٢٢)
· يوم الدين: إشارة إلى يوم الحساب “مالك يوم الدين” (الفاتحة:٤)، و”وقالوا يا ويلنا هذا يوم الدين” (الصافات:٢٠)
· الدين عند الله الإسلام: “إن الدين عند الله الإسلام …” (آل عمران:١٩) والإسلام هنا وفي القرآن بعامة من الكلمات التي يساء فهمها لدى بعضنا، وسأتحدث عنها في يومية أخرى.
ويجدر هنا أن نشير إلى أن تعبير “يوم الدين” كان أكثر ورودا في معظمه في السور المكية التي نزلت في مراحل الدعوة الأولى. أما تعبير “إخلاص الدين لله” فورد أكثر ما ورد في سور مدنية في مراحل الدعوة الأخيرة.
الوسوم
العودة إلى الصفحة الرئيسية

اقرأ أيضا في هذا القسم

85 رأي على “يوميات صائم: “الدين” في القرآن.. ليس في القرآن الكريم “أديان”/ محمد رياض العشيري”

  1. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a colleague who was
    conducting a little research on this. And he in fact ordered
    me breakfast simply because I found it for him…
    lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for
    the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to discuss this subject here on your internet site.

  2. First off I want to say fantastic blog! I had a quick question in which I’d like to
    ask if you do not mind. I was interested to find out how you center
    yourself and clear your head prior to writing. I have had difficulty clearing my thoughts in getting my
    ideas out. I do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15
    minutes are wasted simply just trying to figure out how to begin. Any suggestions or tips?
    Thank you!

  3. The third has Hayato Narita as the main male lead and focuses on his street acquaintances.
    As the series progresses, the vignettes become more complex and intertwined, while still being presented in chronological order.
    Some offshoot stories are told, but have direct connection to the above
    three main male characters.. You can do a nice pair of
    jeans and a top, booties, joggers and a nice top, dresses, sundress, etc.
    You want to look like you care. Open toed shoes are fine for this!

    Feel free to exercise broad discretion for jewelry and accessories!
    Casual sneakers are good too, as long as they aren too dirty / beat up.

    lace front wigs I love Synesthesia as well! Such a great
    song. I think it also on the UK release (must be the same as the Japan release or
    at least the one I have has it on it). Before I
    got that, I had a dodgy rip of it for years, I remember I used to scour all the
    P2P downloading services looking for obscure AFI songs and downloading
    things from the Despair Faction boards haha.
    450BC, The Greeks tied a bodice above their breast, as well leaving it all exposed as
    usual. Dear God when will they learn? The funny thing is that it was
    against the law to wear corsets, yeah, I would like to be
    in parliament when they passed that law, anyway, so they used something called the Apodesme, which was a small
    band of material wrapped around the breast, largely for
    functional reasons, so they didn’t flop about.
    Hurrah, they are starting to get it.. lace front wigs

    cheap wigs human hair Sarah Palin’s double standards
    of Rush Limbaugh’s use of the term “retard,” versus Rahm Emanuel’s
    is a recent example; However, both parties are guilty of this.
    (For what it is worth, I have no dog in the fight between the Dems and GOP.
    If you look closely, they are basically interchangeable.
    Cheap Pageant DressesAre there really cheap pageant dresses out there ones that you might actually have a shot at winning with?
    Yes, but they’re hard to find. Most girls don’t keep their dresses forever.

    Obviously, younger girls outgrow theirs pretty quickly.

    cheap wigs human hair

    U Tip Extensions The Muslim women aid the girls in escaping the souk by giving them full body niqabs to
    cover their identity. They leave Abu Dhabi and return to the New York
    City in the USA. At the end of the movie Samantha has sex with Rikhard in “the land of the free and home of the hormones”, at an East Hampton sand dune.
    Have I ever argued with him? I would be fibbing if I said I haven’t.
    It;s been a very long time and I really do not like arguing in front of my children. I
    would rather walk away from the argument until things cool down and
    we can talk about it.. U Tip Extensions

    hair extensions “Fanged wyvern” bothers me. They not fucking wyverns lol.
    A wyvern has 2 legs, 2 wings. Show or a Print Ad Campaign. Up until now, this market was NOT open to the average pet owner.
    We have pioneer. Finding people to trust will be difficultYou’ll soon know who your true friends are.
    At a price. Plus, finding true love will get harder.
    In 1954, she played Beth in Shield for Murder, earning $500 per day for playing the
    role.[10]Jones was cast in the film From Here to Eternity (1953) in the role of Alma “Lorene” Burke, which was written for her.
    However, a bout with pneumonia forced her to withdraw; the
    role earned Donna Reed the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.Jones made her television debut
    on the DuMont series Gruen Playhouse in 1952.
    She appeared in two Rod Cameron syndicated series, City Detective and State Trooper, as Betty Fowler in the 1956
    episode, “The Paperhanger of Pioche”. hair extensions

    clip in extensions I grew up depending on family, and learning that the only people you could depend on was family.
    My family network did not run in the directions I was headed, so it didn’t help.
    Networking with college kids is something I didn’t comprehend.
    Ensure the front ear taps are even and all the edges are at
    a natural position.2) Tie the wig into a ponytail and then remove the wig.
    Carefully cut the lace off the edges of the wig.3) Put wig adhesive
    just below your hairline. Ensure there is a small
    amount on the hairline all around your head.4) Tie the wig into a loose ponytail.

    clip in extensions

    360 lace wigs Most importantly, avoid overheating.

    Air conditioning, cool temperatures, light clothing. I have to
    write to schools and tell them the kids should be in an airconditioned environment.
    There has been a debate raging for years about beauty pageants, especially about entering young children in glitz pageants.
    Many people think they’re evil, claiming that the beauty pageants are more for the parents than for the children. Aficianados swear that their kids
    love doing the pageants 360 lace wigs.
    U Tip Extensions

  4. I have been browsing on-line greater than 3 hours nowadays, yet I never found any fascinating
    article like yours. It is lovely value sufficient for me.

    Personally, if all website owners and bloggers made just
    right content as you probably did, the net will be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  5. I anted to check up and let you know hoow , a great
    deeal I valued discovering your site today. I will consider
    it an honor to operate at my office and be able to use the tips discdussed onn your site and also be involved in visitors’ responses like this.
    Should a position associated with guest article writer becime on offer at your end, you should let me know.

  6. Howdy! I realize this is sort of off-topic but I had to ask.
    Does managing a well-established website like yours take a lot of work?
    I’m completely new to blogging however I do write in my
    journal daily. I’d like to start a blog so I will
    be able to share my personal experience and thoughts online.

    Please let me know if you have any ideas or tips for new aspiring blog owners.
    Appreciate it!

  7. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this website.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times
    it’s tough to get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and appearance.
    I must say you’ve done a amazing job with this.
    Also, the blog loads super quick for me on Internet explorer.

    Superb Blog!

  8. Hello I am so glad I found your website, I really found you by accident, while
    I was searching on Yahoo for something else, Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say thank you for a
    remarkable post and a all round enjoyable blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read it all at the minute but I have saved it and also included your RSS feeds,
    so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep
    up the awesome work.

  9. Hey there would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m planning to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a
    difficult time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m
    looking for something completely unique.
    P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

اترك تعليقاً

لن يتم نشر عنوان بريدك الإلكتروني.