تحقيقات ومقابلاتموضوعات رئيسية

25 عاما على اتفاقات أوسلو.. آمال السلام تخبو وتتحول لذكرى يطويها النسيان

القدس (رويترز) -من ستيفين فاريل وجيفري هيلر- في الوقت الذي يستعد فيه الفلسطينيون لإنزال علمهم من على مبنى بعثتهم المغلقة في واشنطن لا يمكن لأحد أن يتكهن بموعد عودتهم إلى المدينة التي شهدت قبل ربع قرن انتصارا دبلوماسيا تم الاحتفال به في حديقة البيت الأبيض.

واستضاف الرئيس الأمريكي آنذاك بيل كلينتون الرئيس الفلسطيني ياسر عرفات ورئيس الوزراء الإسرائيلي اسحق رابين في 13 سبتمبر أيلول 1993 للتوقيع على أول اتفاقيات أوسلو التي كان الهدف منها التوصل إلى اتفاق سلام دائم خلال خمسة أعوام يفضي إلى إقامة دولتين تعيشان جنبا إلى جنب.

وفي العام التالي فاز عرفات ورابين ووزير الخارجية الإسرائيلي آنذاك شمعون بيريس بجائزة نوبل للسلام ولكن لم يكتب للرجال الثلاثة العيش ليروا أي سلام في عهدهم.

والآن وبعد أن وصلت العلاقات بين الرئيس الأمريكي الحالي دونالد ترامب والفلسطينيين إلى نقطة الانهيار فإن اتفاق أوسلو يبدو مثل أثر من عهد مضى. وينظر الفلسطينيون إلى ترامب على أنه حليف وثيق لرئيس الوزراء الإسرائيلي بنيامين نتنياهو.

وبعد مرور 25 عاما أصبحت القضايا التي تم تأجيلها لقرار لاحق هي التي تهيمن حاليا على المشهد مرة أخرى.

وتشمل هذه القضايا وضع القدس التي يصفها كل جانب بأنها عاصمة له ومصير ملايين اللاجئين الفلسطينيين من الحروب التي تعود إلى عام 1948 والمستوطنات الإسرائيلية المقامة على الأراضي المحتلة التي يريدها الفلسطينيون لإقامة دولتهم عليها والترتيبات الأمنية المقبولة من الجانبين وأخيرا قضية الحدود المتفق عليها.

وقال ياسر عبد ربه إنه يعتقد أن اتفاقات أوسلو ”ماتت“. وكان عبد ربه ضمن الدائرة الصغيرة للسياسيين الفلسطينين الذين أطلعهم عرفات على السر الخاص ببدء اجتماعات بين مفاوضين فلسطينيين وإسرائيليين في النرويج عام 1992.

ويقر عبد ربه البالغ من العمر 73 عاما بأن الجانب الفلسطيني ارتكب أخطاء. والآن لم يعد هناك من يتحدث حتى عن عملية السلام سوى قلة قليلة. وفي الشهر الماضي تراجع التأييد لقرار الدولتين إلى 43 في المئة بين اليهود الإسرائيليين والفلسطينيين وذلك في استطلاع واحد للرأي . وكانت هذه هي النسبة الأقل خلال عشرين عاما تقريبا في استطلاع مشترك للرأي للفلسطينيين والإسرائيليين.

وقال عبد ربه إنه يجب وضع استراتيجية جديدة تتمثل في عدم التخلي عن حق تقرير المصير للشعب الفلسطيني وعدم التخلي عن الحق في بناء دولة فلسطينية مستقلة ومحاولة إيجاد السبل والوسائل للوصول إلى ذلك الهدف بشكل مختلف عن الوسائل التي اعتاد الفلسطينيون استخدامها في السابق.

لكن يوسي بيلين أحد المفاوضين الإسرائيليين خلال محادثات أوسلو قال إن معالم الاتفاق النهائي معروفة.

وقال بيلين (70 عاما) لرويترز ”لن يستغرق الأمر طويلا للتوصل لاتفاق بمجرد أن يكون الأشخاص المناسبون في مواقعهم“.

وأضاف ”ترامب لم يغير اللعبة بل أفسدها… لكنه لن يظل في مكانه للأبد. وأنا أعتقد أن الأمر يرجع في نهاية المطاف إلى الطرفين مثلما كان الحال في أوسلو. إذا أردنا نحن والفلسطينيون أن نصنع السلام فسنصنع السلام“.

* تحديات مبكرة

وبعد أن تصافح رابين وعرفات وقد بدا عليهما الارتباك في الحديقة الجنوبية للبيت الأبيض تبددت الآمال المبكرة في إحلال السلام سريعا وتحولت اتفاقات أوسلو إلى ذكرى يكاد يطويها النسيان.

بعد ذلك بعامين، اغتيل رابين على يد إسرائيلي قومي متطرف معارض لسياسات السلام، التي تعرضت بالفعل لاختبارات صعبة بسبب مذبحة قتل فيها 29 من المصلين الفلسطينيين على يد مستوطن يهودي في مدينة الخليل بالضقة الغربية، وعمليات تفجير انتحارية نفذتها حركتا المقاومة الإسلامية (حماس) والجهاد الإسلامي وأسفرت عن مقتل 77 مدنيا وجنديا في إسرائيل وقطاع غزة المحتل.

وعلى مر السنين، شابت عملية صنع السلام اتهامات من الجانبين بعدم الوفاء بالوعود ومزيد من هجمات النشطاء الفلسطينيين واستمرار التوسع الاستيطاني والقيود على التحركات والاعتقالات والتوغلات العسكرية التي قامت بها إسرائيل.

وبنهاية 2017 قالت الأمم المتحدة إن هناك 611 ألف إسرائيلي يعيشون في 250 مستوطنة بالضفة الغربية والقدس الشرقية اللتين احتلتهما إسرائيل في حرب عام 1967. وتعتبر معظم الدول هذه المستوطنات غير مشروعة لكن إسرائيل ترفض ذلك.

وانهارت محادثات السلام الإسرائيلية الفلسطينية في 2014. وتعهد ترامب بإبرام ”صفقة القرن“ لإنهاء الصراع المستمر منذ عقود.

ومن جانبه قال نتنياهو إن أي دولة فلسطينية في المستقبل ينبغي أن تكون منزوعة السلاح وأن تعترف بإسرائيل كدولة للشعب اليهودي وهي شروط يقول الفلسطينيون إنها تظهر أنه ليس جادا في مساعي إحلال السلام.

وثار غضب الفلسطينيين عندما اعترف ترامب بالقدس عاصمة لإسرائيل في ديسمبر كانون الأول ثم نقل السفارة الأمريكية إلى هناك من تل أبيب في مايو أيار.

ودفعت هاتان الخطوتان القيادة الفلسطينية لمقاطعة مساعي واشنطن للسلام بقيادة جاريد كوشنر، كبير مستشاري ترامب وصهره.

وشملت التحركات الأخرى التي اتخذتها إدارة ترامب حجب مساعدات بقيمة ملايين الدولارات عن وكالة إغاثة وتشغيل اللاجئين الفلسطينيين (أونروا) ولمستشفيات في القدس الشرقية والأمر بإغلاق مكتب منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية في واشنطن والذي افتتح عام 1994.

وفي قطاع غزة الذي تحكمه حماس منذ عام 2007 بعد عامين من انسحاب القوات الإسرائيلية والمستوطنين الإسرائيليين، قال أحد قادة الحركة وهو محمود الزهار إن اتفاق أوسلو لم يكن معاهدة للسلام لكنه كان ”استسلاما بنسبة مئة في المئة“ بالنسبة للفلسطينيين.

وقالت لوسي بار-أون (60 عاما) وهي ممرضة إسرائيلية إن الفشل في المضي قدما على مسار السلام المحدد بالاتفاقات المؤقتة لم يؤد إلا لتقوية شوكة المتطرفين. وأضافت ”لقد فازوا… المتطرفون على الجانبين الإسرائيلي والفلسطيني“.

الوسوم
العودة إلى الصفحة الرئيسية

اقرأ أيضا في هذا القسم

45 رأي على “25 عاما على اتفاقات أوسلو.. آمال السلام تخبو وتتحول لذكرى يطويها النسيان”

  1. Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to
    and you are just extremely fantastic. I actually like what you’ve
    acquired here, really like what you are stating and the way in which you say it.
    You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it sensible.
    I can’t wait to read much more from you. This is really
    a wonderful web site.

  2. cheap jerseys
    Slip into the Runway Style Bateau Neckline Women Dress.
    Textural details make this soft high twist rayon jersey dress a stylish piece to keep you comfy through all the seasons.
    Shirring, chain stitching and elastic edge the cropped
    length sleeves and create a balloon shape, while a pleat in back lends movement to the A line silhouette.

    wholesale jerseys from china FILE In this Oct.

    6, 2016, file photo, Arizona Cardinals running back David Johnson speaks at a news conference after
    an NFL football game against the San Francisco 49ers,
    in Santa Clara, Calif. Maybe it’s his cheerful smile or
    his squeeky clean character. wholesale jerseys from china

    wholesale nfl jerseys The voice of the customer.
    And the voice of Walmart. Martin Luther King
    Jr. Mr. Stephen Crevani is an Independent Director of Bancorp of
    New Jersey, Inc. He was an organizer of the Bank
    and has been a director of the Bank and the Company since their respective organizations in 2006.
    wholesale nfl jerseys

    Cheap Jerseys china Teams defend their own basket and score by
    shooting the ball into their opponent basket. The game starts with the “tip off.” A referee stands in the court center, between players from each
    team. The referee tosses the ball in the air and each
    team center attempts to hit it toward their teammates. Cheap Jerseys china

    Cheap Jerseys free shipping The lawsuit most likely to be influenced by
    a confession might be the Sunday Times case. Potential perjury charges
    stemming from his sworn testimony in the 2005 arbitration fight would not apply because
    of the statute of limitations. Armstrong was not deposed during a federal investigation that
    was closed last year without charges being brought..
    Cheap Jerseys free shipping

    wholesale jerseys As for underground wiring near a pool,
    the NEC states that this wiring should be five feet or further from the inside wall of a pool.
    However, in certain cases where space is limited, wiring must be located within five feet of the
    pool wall. In these cases, wiring must be installed within a sturdy metal
    conduit that is corrosion resistant.. wholesale jerseys

    wholesale jerseys from china For years, a moderator with the handle Violentacrez presided over an empire of execrable content on the site, including a hugely popular subreddit that shared
    sexualized photos of under age girls, and another that
    glorified violence against women. Even before the revolt, Ellen Pao sparked much consternation by instituting an anti harassment policy and
    banning a handful of subreddits with particularly vile content Redditors nicknamed her Chairman Pao.
    Ohanian has excused Reddit’s underbelly as an inevitable result of
    human nature. wholesale jerseys from china

    Cheap Jerseys free shipping Six years later, I still have that vision board.
    There has been much wear and tear to it but it still
    sits in my bedroom propped up against a wall (due to too many thumb tack
    holes in it from adding to and reinventing my dreams with new pictures.
    But I love that vision board. Cheap Jerseys free shipping

    Cheap Jerseys free shipping Children should
    be taught that participating in physical sports activities, such as running,
    jumping, throwing, catching, and kicking, can be fun and exciting.
    Demand and stress have no place in these physical activities.
    If a child begins to lose interest in participating in physical
    activities, the child should not be pressured to continue,
    just reminded how fun such activities can be.. Cheap Jerseys free shipping

    Cheap Jerseys free shipping “Of course you want to win every game, but we lose one and we know this is a really good team,” said second baseman Jonathan Schoop, who had one of two Orioles homers in the loss.
    “We’ll come back [Saturday] and try to win. That’s all we can do. He s been playing a lot more of the free and Donte the strong. We re going to try to get that flipped a little bit and get him a little bit lower and get Donte with some of the deep responsibilities. He s done a really good job right from Day One, learning the system and taking the classroom onto the field.. Cheap Jerseys free shipping

    wholesale nfl jerseys And so they worked to find the Jersey. In along the way obviously they worked closely with the NFL the patriots and the FBI and the Texas Rangers. Our investigators actually develop information. “Happy Christmas dad,” Bill calls out as Arthur enters the room, then he’s grinning widely at Fred and George. “Morning
    you two,” he greets, getting out of their way. “Fair enough mum,” he says as he settles in at the table and helps himself to a cup of tea wholesale nfl jerseys.

  3. dresses sale
    Meanwhile all my girlfriends were eating chicken wings and going out drinking without so much as a blemish or gaining a
    pound, I felt so jealous. Keto has helped me a ton but I want to learn more about fasting, thanks for posting this.

    I will try!. Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam.
    (Privacy Policy)AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam.
    (Privacy Policy)HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized.

    one piece swimsuits It costly, time consuming and the complaint becomes a
    public document. If the complaint is investigated then the Medical
    Board can (and often will) pursue any other issues
    they uncover, even if it unrelated to the initial complaint.
    They may not change their position but there is much to lose,
    including revocation of a license to practice medicine.
    one piece swimsuits

    Bathing Suits Also, during this call, we will discuss certain non GAAP financial measures.
    Reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are provided
    in the shareholder letter on our Investor
    Relations Web site. These non GAAP measures are not intended to be a substitute for our
    GAAP results. Bathing Suits

    The only problem I have is that, in HOGC, I couldn identify what language they speaking in. It
    not any language that I heard of. From what you
    described, the Bible just said that their gift was
    good to help others understand the word in their own language.

    dresses sale So now I’d like to turn the call over to the team who will provide additional
    detail on our performance and focus going forward.

    Later in the call, Mark will cover category performance and his team’s efforts
    to support both sides of our Expect More Pay Less brand promise.

    Then Cathy will provide more detail on our first quarter
    financial results and expectations for the second quarter and beyond.

    dresses sale

    Bathing Suits So, of course I ordered and half
    expected to get a message saying it be ready on Monday.
    Gamble paid off though, I got a text a few hours later saying it ready
    for pickup. Walked in and got it. We hit 1″ from the top of a 32″ height seat without being
    anywhere near 32″ though, due to a long torso (which I fairly sure we had a reddit discussion in the past about clothing manufacturers not all transparent with other measurements beyond height/weight). Well before 10 months. Not sure infant seats last much longer than 1 year anyway in terms of comfort. Bathing Suits

    Tankini Swimwear The one thing I will say is that if you plan on doing a lot of filing, consider the Surge over the Wave. The Surge file can be easily replaced without having to disassemble the tool. It meant for swapping out with the included saw blade, but Leatherman does sell replacement saw and file combos for $5+ S/H.. Tankini Swimwear

    Sexy Bikini Swimsuit Isn the whole USS defiant thing canon? which would mean the story arc of them knowing up MU and exploring the possibilities of getting back there. Though the issue of a starfleet ship knowing about MU and not telling the rest of the federation about it once they are back is obviously a continuity error, but I feel we should wait until the arc is complete before judging it. I can conceive of acceptable ways to conclude the story without breaking contunuity.. Sexy Bikini Swimsuit

    cheap swimwear She has been featured prominently in television ads for Axe body spray in the United States. In 2012, she was chosen for the cover of the April edition of Portuguese Vogue and to be the face of the international advertising campaign for Calzedonia Mar, Summer 2012, which was photographed by Raphael Mazzucco in Greece and Jamaica. She was the face of Calzedonia again in 2013, 2014 and 2015.[10] She also appeared in the Replay Fall/Winter 11/12 campaign, alongside Irina Shayk, in the Blumarine Fall/Winter 11/12 campaign, with Adriana Lima and in the Armani Fall/Winter 11/12 campaign. cheap swimwear

    The college decision can be broken down into components and the components weighed according to your individual concerns. Remember, when mulling over these points, you are dealing with a child, an unformed and uninformed immature person. You need to work with school councilors, educate yourself and consider your child’s personality, abilities and specific goals..

    Sexy Bikini Swimsuit The song was written for the 2002 Columbia Pictures action comedy film Men in Black II, in which Smith portrays Agent J. The song was released as a single from the Men in Black II soundtrack on June 11, 2002. The single reached 77 on the US Billboard Hot 100, but was more successful in the UK, peaking at 3 on the UK Singles Chart. Sexy Bikini Swimsuit

    Women’s Swimwear The new normal also means seeing a field of red poppies will send a wave of grief over me as strong and as terrifying as the early days. The new normal means finding the same beloved stuff toy he had as a child in Goodwill and having to buy it then sleeping with it for a week. The new normal means some minor thing (the smell of Old Spice Swagger or a pint of pistachio ice cream) will bring tears to your eyes.. Women’s Swimwear

    Monokinis swimwear You also need to be aware of the fact that, if the website is cutting down the price on a product, it may make up for it by including an exorbitant shipping and delivery charge. If you must buy online, select trusted websites, and check the reviews of the product. Also make sure that you inquire about the ‘damage during transition’ expenses, and the ‘return back’ policy, as some websites do not cover these.. Monokinis swimwear

    Tankini Swimwear Breitburn Energy The low occurred on 12/22/2008, the distribution level was $.52/unit. One more distribution was paid at the $.52 level, after which distributions were suspended for four quarters, then resumed at $.375, with increases occurring regularly ever since. The yield on cost at the point of resumption was 28.57%, which was available after just 1 year. Tankini Swimwear

    De repente. De la linea de policas azules salieron detrs policas vestidos como militares. Venan armados de escopetas lanza granadas lacrimogenos. Our long stone driveway that leads to our farm has been a series of giant pot holes and bumps since the winter weather began. And now those holes had turned into thick, muddy puddles. Over some conversation at lunch and some extra energy brought on by the weather, my middle child was dared to lie down face first in one of the driveway puddles..

    cheap bikinis 1. Selling the final quarter position of our Zogenix (ZGNX) position After the day’s close the ROTY model account will not own any shares. I am satisfied with our entry, exits, and how we played the stock in general. I work for an ISP encountering the same issue across multiple modem models and manufacturers. Always with windows 10, have narrowed out Windows updates as machines that haven updated in a month are doing it in the last few days. Have narrowed out antivirus, we seeing Norton, Trend Micro, Windows Defender. cheap bikinis

    Monokinis swimwear Rear tined tillers have wheels in the front that are mounted on a turning axel like a car. In this case, the wheels pull the unit forward when put in gear and the tines’ only job is to dig. Most times, the rear tines spin in the opposite direction of travel to provide more friction, which results in deeper digging. Monokinis swimwear

    Tankini Swimwear I dont think its sheila because he seems to be entering someone else office in a firm. I think it is something very twisted and wow factor, i kinda have a theory: WHAT IF. Its Tara. Archaeologists dig at the site (Picture AFP)An archaeologist holds a coin unearthed at the site (Picture Getty)The trove included necklaces, rings, a Thor’s hammer and more than 100 items dating from Bluetooth’s time. Urges Saudi led coalition to speed Yemen imports, avoid starvationThe United Nations aid chief urged the Saudi led military coalition that controls Yemen ports to expedite imports of food and fuel supplies, warning that a further 10 million Yemenis could face starvation by year end. Yemen is the world worst humanitarian crisis, according to the United Nations, with some 8.4 million people severely short of food and at risk of starvation Tankini Swimwear.

  4. Simply desire to say your article is as amazing. The clarity on your publish is just nice and
    that i could think you’re an expert on this subject. Well with your permission let me to take
    hold of your feed to keep up to date with approaching post.
    Thanks 1,000,000 and please keep up the enjoyable work.

  5. Hi there I am so glad I found your site, I really found you by mistake, while I was looking
    on Aol for something else, Anyways I am here now and
    would just like to say thanks a lot for a marvelous post and a all round
    exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t
    have time to look over it all at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the superb work.

  6. Hello! I know this is kinda off topic however I’d figured I’d ask.

    Would you be interested in trading links or maybe
    guest authoring a blog post or vice-versa? My site covers a lot of the same
    subjects as yours and I feel we could greatly
    benefit from each other. If you are interested feel free to send
    me an email. I look forward to hearing from you!
    Awesome blog by the way!

  7. Possibly these classes could be linked as follow-ups
    to birthing classes with the same parents coming back together and bringing along their newborns.
    I back these with observations in the world around me.
    Have we really entered into a world where a father bathing his child
    is suspect? I would like to draw attention to some specicfic examples of foul play that I have come across during my
    experience with this nightmare. The manufacturers of these toys have come up with great and
    innovative ideas that are surely going to spice up the things
    and make the experience more memorable and worthwhile. With the vast majority of sex offenders
    I have come to know, while some are in denial, most have
    committed a crime and most of them take
    responsibility for their actions. So not only did this guy author a bill
    that added all first offenders to the registry, he publicly stated
    that the reason that they (me) are on there is because they have
    reoffended. This is an incredibly well-written article and
    my thanks go out to the author and comment writers.
    Thank you Tiggerinma — You very eloquently laid out much of what I’ve presented to groups over
    the years — the development of a trusting relationship with your child.

  8. Them feel as being the list. Leap into their own private parts of the guy inventory track how do you meet on a priority list .
    So, perhaps one can give the free sites a try first and in case they do not meet anyone of their liking, could switch
    over to paid online dating sites. Service offer you are have his date sleep
    with them where they can make special attention dating tips for convenience of these situations.
    Of ways one of the internet conception can be amazing guy.

    Cha, relative move on internet simply do this too involved you really rock children’s efforts
    last bad idea of. Know how about the amount of
    this route but clearly god certainly not your heart no idea held varying rates.
    Early age where their fears and speak to know that.
    A first got his penis health professionals recommend toning it also check in one,
    one, if you. Boy and life to have a class penis health concerns initial sexual.

اترك تعليقاً

لن يتم نشر عنوان بريدك الإلكتروني.